The I in CIVETS (part 1)

Starting up a series on Indonesia, the I in CIVETS, a group of countries tagged by a financial analyst as emerging economic powers. I’m wondering what kind of philanthropy there is in such countries, as a way of getting at the first of my two questions, “what is the role of philanthropy in a democratic society?”

Basic facts for context: population, size of the economy, principal industries, political system, ethnic and religious makeup. Where would the country fall on theĀ liberal market economy-coordinated market economy spectrum?

Let’s consult the CIA Factbook, a very handy online reference source.

Indonesia is the fourth most-populous country in the world with 243 million people (compared to 310 million in the U.S.) and has the largest Muslim population of any country. It’s a huge archipelago of islands that stretch across an area in the South Pacific comparable in size to the United States.

This past Tuesday was the 65th anniversary of Indonesia declaring independence from the Netherlands, of which it was a colony since the 17th century. For decades it was ruled by a dictatorship, transitioning to democracy in 1999.

Its legal system is “based on Roman-Dutch law, substantially modified by indigenous concepts and by new criminal procedures and election codes.” What does that mean?? Wonder how it impacts the possibility of a tax deduction for giving.

There’s a president who’s elected to a five-year term by direct vote (no Electoral College to worry about…); the current officeholder, Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono, was elected to a second term in 2009 with 60% of the vote.

There are three houses of the legislature: one that’s responsible for national legislation, another that includes representation for each of the regions and is meant to consult with the other house on matters affecting the regions (what would THAT be like in the US?), and a third made up of members of the other two that deals with constitutional issues.

To be continued…

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2 Responses to “The I in CIVETS (part 1)”

  1. The Blog Briefly Known as "Democratizing Philanthropy?" » Blog Archive » The I in CIVETS (part 2) Says:

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  2. The Blog Briefly Known as "Democratizing Philanthropy?" » Blog Archive » The I in CIVETS (part 3) Says:

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